A Quick Introduction to Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Causes and Symptoms

Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic health problem which influences the way a body metabolizes glucose or sugar, an essential source of fuel for the body. With this chronic condition, your body either defies the influences of insulin or does not develop adequate insulin to keep the normal levels of glucose in the body.

The Common Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2

The symptoms and signs of this health problem typically develop slowly. You can even have type 2 diabetes for a long time without recognizing you. There are a few common symptoms to look for, such as recurrent urination, improved thirst, improved hunger, fatigue, slow-healing sores, recurrent infections, unintended weight loss, and blurred vision.

The Common Causes of Diabetes Type 2

Then, what are the common causes of diabetes mellitus type 2? This chronic condition happens when your body becomes defiant to insulin or when your pancreas is powerless to make enough insulin. Exactly why this occurs is unknown, even though environmental factors and genetics are considered as the contributing factors.

Family History

Genetics is considered as one of the contributing factors for someone to have diabetes. Your risk of this health problem enhances when your parent or sibling also has diabetes mellitus type 2. There is also a consideration that race is another risk factor. However, there is no clear explanation of why certain races are more likely to experience the issue.

Weight and Inactivity

Being overweight is commonly linked to causing diabetes in most people. In fact, it is one of the primary factors for someone to develop this problem. However, you do not need to be overweight to experience the problem. Then, inactivity is also considered as another factor that can enhance your risk of type 2 diabetes.


The risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 improves as you get older, particularly after age 45. That is perhaps because persons typically exercise less, gain weight, and lose muscle mass as they grow older. Nevertheless, the case of type 2 diabetes is also improving dramatically among younger adults, adolescents, and even children.

Other Risk Factors

In addition, there are a few other factors that improve your risk to this issue. Prediabetes is one of the common risk factors. When it is left untreated, you are more likely to have diabetes. Having gestational diabetes can also improve your risk. The last, suffering polycystic ovarian syndrome is another risk factor of diabetes mellitus type 2.

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